What is Cryptocurrency? Types Of Cryptocurrency [Guide & Explanation]

So what is Cryptocurrency? In this modern world, everyone is running after Cryptocurrencies. In a very short time, Cryptocurrency has expressed its power in the financial market. Cryptocurrency is also known as digital money because it is available only online and we cannot see it physically or in our hands. 

Each country has its own currency and also has a name. Currencies like Rupees in India, Dollar in the USA, Euro in Europe, etc. In the same way, these Cryptocurrency is also used in all over the world. But the thing to understand here is that the government does not have any hand over these cryptocurrencies because they are decentralized currencies, so no agency or government or any board has authority over them, due to which their value has not been regulated.

Here is the complete information about Cryptocurrency. So, read the complete guide and understand how Cryptocurrency works.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital currency. It is made by a computer algorithm and uses cryptography to perform any type of transaction. It is not run by any kind of government organization. And no one owns it.

As the Reserve Bank of India handled Rupee. Quite the contrary, no one owns or operates cryptocurrencies.

It is a kind of Digital Asset that is used for the purchase of things or services. Cryptography is used in these currencies.

This is a Peer-to-Peer electronic system, which we can use to purchase goods and services in place of regular currencies through the Internet. In this system, the government can work without informing the banks, so some people believe that Cryptocurrency can also be used in the wrong way.

If we talk about all the cryptocurrencies, then the first one that became famous among them is Bitcoin. There have been many controversies regarding Bitcoin, but today Bitcoin is at the top of Cryptocurrencies. There are more than 1000 Cryptocurrencies in the world, but only a few of them are more important. 

Here we list some other Cryptocurrencies. Check out the list below.

How to Invest in Cryptocurrencies?

To invest in Cryptocurrencies, you have to choose the right platform. Because if you choose the wrong platform then you have to pay extra fees while trading. Similarly, the most popular Cryptocurrency platform in India at present is “Wazirx”.

It is very easy to invest and trade in it and its founder is also an Indian. 

Types of Cryptocurrencies:

There are many Cryptocurrencies but there are only a few of them which are performing well and which you can use apart from Bitcoin.

  1. Bitcoin (BTC):


If we talk about Cryptocurrency and not talk about Bitcoin then it is not possible at all. Because Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency in the world. Which was created by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009.

It is a digital currency that is used to buy goods and services online only. It is a decentralized currency which means that there is no hand of government or any institution on it.

If we talk today, then its value has increased a lot, which is now around 13 Lacks, the value of a coin. From this, you can find out about the importance of its present.

  1. Ethereum (ETH):


Like Bitcoin, Ethereum is also an open-source, decentralized blockchain-based computing platform. The name of its founder is Vitalik Buterin. ‘Ether’ is the name of  Cryptocurrency token.

This platform helps its users to create a digital token. Recently a hard fork has split Ethereum into two halves, Ethereum (ETH) and Ethereum Classic (ETC). It is the second most famous cryptocurrency after Bitcoin.

  1. Litecoin (LTC):

Litecoin is also a decentralized peer-to-peer cryptocurrency which is open-source software released under the MIT/X11 license in October 2011 by Charles Lee who was previously a Google Employee.

Bitcoin has a big hand behind its creation and many of its features are dangling from Bitcoin. Litecoin’s block generation time is 4 times less than that of Bitcoin. Therefore, the transactions in this are completed very quickly. In this, the Scrypt algorithm is used to do mining.

  1. Dogecoin (Doge):


The story of the formation of Dogecoin is quite interesting. It was compared to a dog to mock Bitcoin, which later took the form of a cryptocurrency. The name of its founder is Billy Markus. Like Litecoin, Scrypt Algorithm is also used in this.

Today the market value of Dogecoin is more than $197 million and it is accepted by more than 200 merchants all over the world. Mining in this also happens very quickly as compared to others.

  1. Tether (USDT):

According to coinmarketcap.com, Tether is the largest stable coin with a market cap of $78 billion as of January 17th.

It uses the blockchain technology of Bitcoin. Stablecoins reduce volatility pegged to the US dollar and euro, and are one of the most popular options for those looking to invest in cryptocurrencies but are reluctant to face volatility.

  1. Binance Coin (BNB):

This cryptocurrency is the parent cryptocurrency of the Binance crypto exchange, the world’s largest exchange by volume.

Binance was launched in 2017 but expanded very rapidly by facilitating trading on its platform. The crypto has come a long way from its price in 2017 which was just $0.10 which increased from 5200% on 3rd January 2022 to 5200%.

According to Coinmarketcap.com on January 17th, Binance (BNB) ranks fourth with a market cap of approximately $80 billion.

  1. Solana (SOL):

Lately, Solana has been facing a downtrend, but Crypto ranks third on this list due to its huge achievement in 2021. SOL has proven itself to be one of the fastest-growing cryptocurrencies in the market. Furthermore, there can be no disagreement that SOL is the biggest competitor to Ethereum. According to reports, the SOL token is up by 13,662% in 2021.

  1. Ripple (XRP):

ripple coin

Ripple was released in 2012 and is based on distributed open-source protocol, Ripple is a real-time gross settlement system (RTGS) that runs its Cryptocurrency which is also known as Ripples (XRP).

It is a very famous Cryptocurrency and has an overall market cap of around $10 billion. According to their officials, Ripple provides users with “secure, instant and nearly free global financial transactions of any size and without any chargebacks.

  1. Polygon:

The possibilities during the current year can be viewed as excellent. And experts believe the credit goes to Ethereum. The crypto is all set to transition to the ETH 2.0 version, which relies heavily on layer-2 solutions like Polygon. It may also indicate that the polygon has an edge to experience a price increase, and is a good option to buy and hold.

Also Read: What is SEO? [Complete Explanations Guide For Beginner]

Advantages of Cryptocurrency:

Now let’s know about the benefits of Cryptocurrency,

  • The chances of fraud in cryptocurrency are very less.
  • If we talk about Cryptocurrency, then they are more secure than a normal digital payment.
  • In this, the transaction fees are also very less if we talk about other payment options.
  • Accounts are very secure because of the different types of cryptography algorithms.

Disadvantage of Cryptocurrency:

Now let’s talk about the disadvantages of some Cryptocurrency,

  • In cryptocurrency, once the transaction is completed, it is impossible to reverse. There are no options in it.
  • For example, if your Wallet ID is lost then there is no chances of recovery. In such a situation, whatever money you have in your wallet, it will never come back in your wallet.


In the last, in a nutshell, cryptocurrency is a medium of exchange just like the dollar or the euro. Cryptocurrency is a decentralized digital currency. We can pay for goods and services online. There are many different types of cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum, and Litecoin. Cryptocurrency is an encrypted, decentralized digital currency transferred between peers and confirmed in a public ledger via a process known as mining (or hashing).

If you’ve read the article, congratulations! We really do appreciate you taking the time to check out our blog. If you have any questions or concerns about cryptocurrency, please feel free to contact us anytime at infotechnewsforum@gmail.com Thank you again for reading, we hope that you’ve found this article to be interesting and informative!


Q: Do I need a bank to get an address?
Ans: You don’t need a bank. You just need an address.

Q: Do I have to buy a whole Bitcoin?
Ans: You can buy, sell and trade fractions of a Bitcoin. 

Q. Who made Bitcoin?
Ans: Some anonymous person or group of people called Satoshi Nakamoto.


The information provided on this website is for educational and information purposes only. The information provided on this website does not constitute investment advice, financial advice or trading advice. Tech News Forum does not recommend buying any cryptocurrencies. Crypto markets are highly volatile and crypto investing is risky. Readers should do their research on cryptocurrencies and consult their financial advisors before making any crypto investments.

Also Read: Why Do Most Investors Fail? 7 Stock Market Mistakes You Should Avoid

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